Research: Nicholas Murray Butler

| June 24, 2011

Research: Nicholas Murray Butler

Nicholas Murray Butler (1862-1947) was the president of Columbia University from 1902 – 1945. He was always a good student and he received his bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctoral degree in philosophy from Columbia College. He first joined the faculty of Columbia as an assistant philosophy professor in 1885. He was a very determined and active member of the faculty and he rose to president quickly. In his first 10 years as president he raised over $15 million. He expanded the academic programs at Columbia and made it the internationally respected institution that it is today. Under Butler’s presidency enrollment grew from 4,000 to 34,000 and he kept the campus expanding at a rapid pace. Under his presidency the Presbyterian Medical Centre opened. The Presbyterian Medical Centre was the first academic medical centre in the world. Nicholas Murray Butler was also an active member of the Republican party. He served as a delegate to the Republican Convention for many years. In 1912 he ran with William Howard Taft for Vice President of The United States. Butler was also very active in promoting peace and he helped persuade Carnegie to put $10 million into the creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Butler was the head of international education and communication, and president of the American branch of International Conciliation. In 1931 Butler won the Nobel Peace Prize with Jane Addams.

To view pictures of Nicholas Murray Butler and to see what the university looked like under his presidency click here.